VENDORS’ LICENSING AND PERMIT ISSUING IN URBAN SETTING: CONSTRAINTS & IMPLICATIONS FOR VENDING OPERATIONS IN DAR ES SALAAM –TANZANIA

Emmanuel J Munishi, Mubarack Kirumirah

Abstract


Vendors licencing and permit issuing is among the critical policy issues in the urban settings. It has attracted different actor’s initiatives including the President himself. Such initiatives include the introduction of vending zones as well issuing of IDs for the vendors. Despite these initiatives, street vendors continue to experience problems related to licence and permit acquisition. This study aimed at investigating barriers to the licensing and permit issuing, implications of unpredictable licensing and vending process on vendor’s livelihood and vendors’ perceived solutions to unpredictability of the legalization process. The study was qualitative in nature, conducted in Dar es Salaam with a sample of 79 respondents who were selected both randomly and purposively. The findings indicate that the exercise is constrained with inadequate and ineffective urban institution, vendors’ attitude and understanding, urban politics and dynamics and the influence of social groups. Further the study revealed that unpredictability of the vendors’ licensing and permit giving exercise have negative implication on human, physical, social, financial and environmental assets. It is suggested from the study that formulation and proper implementation of national policy for vendors as well as improving inclusive decision making will help to improve and resolve unpredictability in the vendors licencing and legalization process in Tanzania.

Keywords


Street vendors, Licensing, permit, sustainable livelihood strategy, Tanzania.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Dell’Anno, R., AnaMaria A., & Balele, N. P. (2018). Estimating shadow economy in Tanzania: An analysis with the MIMIC approach. Journal of Economic Studies, 45(1), 100–113.

Hastings, N. A. J. (2015). Physical asset management: With an introduction to ISO55000. Springer.

Horn, P. (2018). Street Vendor Licensing and Permits: Reflections from StreetNet International (WIEGO Resource Document No. No. 10.). Manchester, WIEGO.

Etzold, B. (2014): Towards Fair Street Food Governance in Dhaka – Moving from Exploitation and Eviction to Social Recognition and Support. In: de Cassia Vieira Cardoso, R. et al. (Ed.): Street Food. Culture, Economy, Health and Governance. (Routledge) New York: (forthcoming). http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9781138023680/

ILO. (2006). Policy Issues on Street Vending: An Overview of Studies in Thailand, Cambodia and Mongoli: Informal Economy, Poverty and Employment. International Labour Office, 2006, Bangkok.

ILO. (2015). The Transition from the informal to the formal economy: Report 5 (2B). International labour organization. Geneva.

Kisembo P. (2017). Order not to evict hawkers, vendors confuses officials. The Citizen, 27 February.http://www.thecitizen.co.tz/News/Order-not-to-evict-hawkers-vendors-confuses- officials/1840340-3830627-c99fnlz/index.html (Retrieved May 03, 2017).

Lyons, M. & Msoka, C. (2007). Micro-trading in urban mainland Tanzania: The way forward.

How to cite this paper: Emmanuel J. Munishi (PhD) and Mubarack Kirumirah (2020), Paper Title: Vendors’ Licensing and

Permit Issuing in Urban Setting: Constraints & Implications for Vending Operations in Dar Es Salaam – Tanzania.

Business Education Journal (BEJ), Volume IV, Issue I, 12 Pages. www.cbe.ac.tz/bej

Lyons, M., & Brown, A. (2009). Legal pluralism and development: street-trade and regulatory reform in Tanzania. London South Bank University.

Mahadevia, D, A., Brown, M., Lyons, S., Vyas, K. J., & Mishra, A. (n.d). Street Vendors in Ahmedabad: Status, Contributions and Challenges. Centre for Urban Equity (Working Paper No. 22, 64 pages). Retrieved from http://cept.ac.in/UserFiles/File/CUE/Working%20Papers/Revised%20New/022_Street%20Vendors%20in%20 Ahmedabad%20Status.pdf

Mazhambe, A. (2017). Assessment of the contribution of street vending to the zimbabwe economy. A case of street vendors in Harare CBD. IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR–JBM), 19(9), 91-100.

McFarlane, C., & Silver, J. (2017). Navigating the city: Dialectics of everyday urbanism. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 42(3), 458-471.

Mramba, N. (2015). The conception of Street Vending Business (SVB) in income poverty reduction. The International Business Research, 8(5).

Msoka, C. T. (2007). Street vending in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: The dynamics behind continuing vulnerability, Prepared for the Living on the Margins Conference. Stellenbosch March, 26-28/ 2007. Stellenbosch S.A.

Mubarack, K. (2018). The role of universities in enhancing community outreach services: a case of street vendors’ training in Dar es Salaam. Unpublished Master’s Dissertation, University of Dar es salaam.

Munishi, E. J., & & Casmir. R.O. (2019). Overcoming Business Capital Inadequacy and Resilience Implications for the Urban Street Vendors’ Operations in Morogoro Municipality. Business Education Journal (BEJ), 1(1, 2019), 1–18.

Ndhlovu, P. K. (2011). Street vending in Zambia: A case of Lusaka District. Unpublished masters dissertation, Institute of Social Studies (ISS) The Hague, The Netherlands. Retrieved January 2, 2015.

Racaud, S., Kago, J., & Owuor, S. (2018). Contested Street: Informal Street Vending and its Contradictions. Articulo-Journal of Urban Research, (17-18).

Roever, S., & Skinner, C. (2016). Street Vendors and Cities. Urbanisation and environment, 28(2), 1–28. Retrieved from https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0956247816653898

Roy, A. (2007). Urban Informality: Toward an Epistemology of Planning. Journal of the American Planning Association. Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/01944360508976689?needAccess=true

Roy, A. (2011). Slumdog Cities: Rethinking Subaltern Urbanism. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 32(2), 223–238. Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1468-2427.2011.01051.x

Serrat, O. (2017). The sustainable livelihoods approach. In Knowledge solutions (pp. 21-26). Springer, Singapore.

Shaidi, L.P. (1984). Tanzania: The human resources deployment act 1983 — a desperate measure to contain a desperate situation. Review of African Political Economy 11(31): 82-87.

Skinner, C. (2008). Street trade in Africa: A review. School of Development Studies, University of KwaZulu-Natal.

Skinner, C. (2013). Street Trade in Africa: A Review (WIEGO working paper No. No. 5).

Steiler S. (2018). What’s in a World: The Conceptual Politics of ‘Informal’ Street Trade in Dar es Salaam. Articulo - Journal of Urban Research [Online], 2018, http://journals.openedition.org/articulo/3376.

Williams, C. C., & Gurtoo, A. (2012). Evaluating competing theories of street entrepreneurship: some lessons from a study of street vendors in Bangalore, India. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 8(4), 391-409.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Business Education Journal